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Thrombosis

Thrombosis is a pathological condition in which dense blood clots (thromboses) form in blood vessels, slowing or completely stopping the normal flow of blood. This can result in a lack of nutrition of the organs (ischaemia), which in turn can lead to tissue death (necrosis, heart attack) and death. There are two types of thrombosis: venous and arterial. From the names, you can see where the blood clots occur. In the first case, it is in the veins, and in the second, in the arteries. The disease can occur in acute and chronic form. Arterial thrombosis is the most dangerous. Sometimes this drug helps with blood clots: https://pillintrip.com/medicine/klexane.

Main causes
There are three main factors of thrombosis.

Damage to the vessel wall (as a result of trauma, surgery and improper nutrition (cholesterol plaques form), infection, lifting weights, childbirth, etc.).
Disorder of blood clotting (tendency to excessive clotting). Changes in blood clotting may occur due to a metabolic disorder or hormonal imbalance.
Blood stasis. Occurs when a person stays immobile for a long time in one position (for example, in front of the computer, in an airplane chair, or confined to bed).
People with varicose veins, obesity, unhealthy habits, and passive lifestyle as well as those aged over 60 may also be attributed to the risk group.

Symptoms of thrombosis
The following signs are characteristic of arterial thrombosis:

Sharp pain that occurs in one place and spreads to adjoining areas as a throbbing flow
A feeling of numbness in the extremities, depending on the location of the thrombus, causing them to lose sensation and become cold
Shortness of breath, abnormal heart rhythm, tightness in the chest (if the pulmonary artery is blocked)
Dizziness, speech disturbances (when there is blockage of the cerebral arteries)
When venous thrombosis is observed:

Pain of an intensifying nature in the affected area
Swelling and thickening of the veins at the location of the thrombus
The color of the skin at this site turns blue
Swelling and protrusion of surface veins.
Diagnostics
When contacting a medical institution, the doctor makes a diagnosis and prescribes treatment. The main diagnostic methods:

Blood tests for clotting
Magnetic resonance phlebography
Duplex/triplex scanning of lower extremity arteries
Duplex/Triplex scan of lower extremity veins
Duplex/Triplex scan of extracranial brachiocephalic arteries
Duplex/triplex scan of the intracranial brachiocephalic arteries
Upper extremity arteries and veins duplex/triplex scanning
Ascending phlebography with contrast media
Radionuclide scan of thrombus location
Thromboelastography.
Specialists to go to:

A phlebologist
Vascular surgeon
Cardiologist
Neurologist, etc.

 

 

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